Indica vs Sativa:
Understanding the Differences Between the Two Cannabis Plants
Medicinal cannabis can be used to treat a wide variety of common conditions. Generally, medicinal cannabis results in the user having a sense of greater physical and mental relaxation, pain reduction, increased appetite, and better sleep. However, there are two main varieties of medicinal cannabis plants, and each offers a different set of benefits. Understanding the difference between the two is important to finding the right strain for each patient.
The two major types of cannabis plants are Indica and Sativa. Each strain has it’s own range of effects on the body and mind resulting in a wide range of medicinal benefits. Indica strains generally provide a sense of deep body relaxation. Sativa strains tend to provide a more energizing experience.
Typically, cannabis Indica plants are short, bushy plants with wide leaves. Indica plants typically grow faster and have a higher yield than the sativa variety. Medicine produced from cannabis Indica plants have higher CBD and lower THC counts.
The major qualities of Indica medicinal strains include:
increased mental relaxation
decreases acute pain
increases dopamine (a neurotransmitter that helps control the brain’s reward and pleasure centers)
for night time use
Cannabis Sativa plants are opposite of the Indica strains and grow tall and thin with narrow leaves. Sativa plants are also generally a lighter shade of green then their counterpart, the Indica strain. Sativa strains take longer to grow, mature, and require more light. Medicine produced from cannabis Sativa plants have lower CBD and higher THC counts.
The major qualities of Sativa medicinal strains include:
treats chronic pain
increases focus and creativity
increases serotonin (a neurotransmitter involved in the regulation of learning, mood, sleep, anxiety and appetite)
for day time useThese are the 3 most common types of cannabis plant:
Indica is a classification that is used to establish the geographic origin of a cultivar (strain) and is reserved for cannabis varieties that are typically shorter in height with wider leaves than their sativa counterparts.
Sativa is a classification that is reserved for cannabis varieties that, due to their origins, are typically taller in height with thinner leaves than their indica counterparts.
Hybrid varieties are combinations of both indicas and sativas, possessing traits and characteristics attributed to each classification.
Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds found in cannabis that have been reported to have therapeutic benefits. The two most commonly discussed cannabinoids are THC and CBD.
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannibinol is commonly referred to as THC. It’s a neutral cannabinoid popularized by its psychoactive effects. THC acts as a mental stimulant and is known for fueling appetite and increasing mental acuity.
Commonly referred to as CBD, Cannabidiol is a non psychoactive compound. Concentrations of Cannabidiol counteract THC, while maintaining symptom relief. People have become interested in medicinal cannabis because of CBD.
Found in much smaller percentages than THC or CBD, CBN begins to appear only when THC starts to degrade. It’s not a weakness. CBN is an important chemical compound aiding in sleep and pain relief.
Cannabichromene (CBC) is more bountiful by percentage than CBD, but has received much less research attention. This second place compound may be mood enhancing. Think positivity and relaxation.
Before becoming THC or CBD, life begins as Cannabigerol. CBG is non psychoactive and a minor compound found in trace percentages in medicinal cannabis. CBG is more detectable in hemp.
Closely related to THC, Tetrahydrocannabivarin’s chemical structure is similar, but engages our cannabinoid receptors differently. THCV is psychoactive. It’s being researched for its appetite suppressant and anticonvulsant properties.
How do I consume my cannabis?
There are many different methods available to consume medicinal cannabis. Each option for medicinal cannabis ingestion may have a dramatic impact on its effectiveness. The Peace Naturals Project philosophy is simple, no matter your chosen method: Start slow and with small amounts. Each client is unique in how different cannabis varieties will affect them. By starting with small amounts and consuming slowly, our clients can mindfully self manage for relief and comfort.
Combustion (or smoking) is a popular method of consuming medicinal cannabis and is fast-acting. However, smoking can feel harsher than other options and may mask some terpene flavours.
Vaporization is achieved by heating cannabis below the point of combustion. Accessories called vaporizers transform cannabinoids and terpenes into vapor that can be inhaled without releasing other by-products that occur while smoking.
Cannabis oils are designed to be ingested with food or sublingually. Unlike inhalation, cannabis oils may take from 30 minutes up to 2 hours before the onset of effects, and these effects can last longer (up to 8 hours).
Edibles & Topical Creams
Edibles & topical creams are not permitted to be sold under the ACMPR, but many clients make their own and recipes can be found online.
How do I consume my cannabis oils?
Peace Naturals offers activated, strain-specific, and blended cannabis oil products that are ready to ingest straight from the bottle. The final cannabinoid concentrations of our oils directly correlate to the concentrations of the dried flower strains that we use to make them.
Note: cannabis oils can take anywhere from thirty minutes to two hours before clients experience the onset of effects. When using cannabis oils, effects have been known to last up to eight hours.